. Shepherd Homes v Sandham IPI: status quo ante - can change over time so C should apply for IPI ASAP State of affairs changed to the alleged wrong, so status quo favoured letting the wrong continue and refusing IPI Refusal of interim injunction after delay of a few months: Term. Tel: 0795 457 9992, 01484 380326 or email at david@swarb.co.uk, KH (Reconsideration: Process In Scotland) Iraq: AIT 22 Oct 2008, HX745272002 (Unreported): AIT 17 Sep 2003. o In this case: there was a 'not to build' part; and a 'keep and use the land as an ornamental … ?Mixed covenants: 2 ways to analyse o Split into 2 separate covenants, Shepherd Homes v Sandham (No 2) (1971): split covenants into +ve and -ve. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1970] 3 All ER 402, [1971] Ch 340. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (1970) 3 All ER 402 Stockdale v Shire of Mundaring [2007] WASAT 34 [2010] WASC 127 Document Name: WASC\CIV\2010WASC0127.doc (AH) Page 3 Toll (FGCT) Pty Ltd v Alphafarm Pty Ltd [2004] HCA 52; (2004) 219 CLR 165 Wakeham v Wood (1982) 43 P&CR 40 5 Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (No. This case considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with the housing development company to not erect such a fence. In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 349, Megarry J. said, "…the case has to be unusually strong and clear before a mandatory injunction will be granted…" Mr. Dennis Xavier, Counsel for the first defendant, contended that the Court has no jurisdiction to grant an interlocutory mandatory injunction on an ex … An injunctionis an order by the court to a party to do or refrain from doing a particularact to ensure that justice is done. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1970] 3 AllER 402, [1971] Ch 340. Re Purkiss' Application [1962] 2 All ER 690. And our former Federal Court has accepted that to be the correct position. In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 349, Megarry J. said, "…the case has to be unusually strong and clear before a mandatory injunction will be granted…" Mr. Dennis Xavier, Counsel for the first defendant, contended that the Court has no jurisdiction to grant an interlocutory mandatory injunction on … equity. We do not provide advice. Property Law - Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340. 14. 340, esp. • mandatory interim: Shepherd Homes v Sandham (1971) test. Re University of Westminster, University of Westminster v President of the Lands Tribunal [1998] 3 All ER 1014. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340, Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co (1856) 11 Ex 781; 156 ER 1047. 902 applied, Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham … Student Law Notes is the perfect resource for Law Students on the go! Listen to casenotes from legal cases from your University course from your computer, ipad or phone. Mandatory injunction. The court is therefore more reluctant to make such an order against a party who has not had the protection of a full hearing at trial.’ References: [1971] Ch 340, (1970) 3 All ER 402 Judges: Megarry J Jurisdiction: England and Wales This case is cited by: These lists may be incomplete. Wrotham Park Estate Co v Parkside Homes Ltd [1974] 2 AllER 321, [1974] r WLR 798. Where the two parts of the obligation are capable of standing alone as separate obligations. … Tabor v Brooks (1878) 10 Ch D 273. Final. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham [(1970) 3 All ER 402: (1970) 3 WLR 348] Megarry J. observed: Shepherd Homes v Sandham (No 2) [1971] 2 All ER 1267. INTRODUCTION: The plaintiffs, Diana Mary Scott , Donald Summerskill, Martin Watts, Tracey Ann Andrews, William Char- Before making any decision, you must read the full case report and take professional advice as appropriate. In the usual case these are the considerations that a judge treating with an interim injunction is required to bear in mind. - Interim Mandatory injunction is more difficult to obtain as it forces somebody to do something. Possibnle to sever positive undertaking from negatice, allowing the negative undertaking to pass first hurdle of Tulk v Moxhay. Appeal c This was an appeal by the plaintiffs, William Joseph Shaw and John Shaw, against the … Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham - unexplained delay or few months one reason for refusing interim injunction - with interim injunctions, where without notice applications only granted where case extremely urgent, any delay likely to … People … A comparison between prohibitory and mandatory injunctions, together with interim and final injunctions, was made by Megarry J in Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham, [1970] 3 All ER 402, Megarry J. observed: "(iii) On motion, as contrasted with the trial, the court was far more reluctant to grant a mandatory injunction; in a normal case the court must, inter alia, feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the go to www.studentlawnotes.com to listen to the full audio summary Taylors Fashions Ltd v Liverpool Victoria Trustees Co Ltd [1981] 1 All ER 897, [1982] QB 133. National Commercial Bank Jamaica Ltd v Olint Corp Ltd (Jamaica), Zockoll Group Ltd v Mercury Communications Limited, Teame v Aberash and Others; Regina v Secretary of State for Home Dept ex parte Teame: CA 8 Apr 1994, Teachers Pension Agency v Hill: CA 20 Jul 1998, Tayside Regional Council v British Railways Board: OHCS 30 Dec 1993, Tasci v Pekalp of London Ltd: CA 17 Jan 2001, Tandridge District Council v Verrechia: CA 16 Jun 1999, Tancic v Times Newspapers Ltd: CA 12 Jan 2000, Tadema Holdings Ltd v Ferguson: CA 25 Nov 1999, Society of Lloyd’s v Twinn and another: CA 4 Apr 2000, T v North Yorkshire County Council: CA 23 Sep 1998, Symphony Group Plc v Hodgson: CA 4 May 1993, Swale Storage and Distribution Services Ltd v Sittingbourne Paper Co Ltd: CA 9 Sep 1998, Swale Storage and Distribution Services Ltd v Sittingbourne Paper Co Ltd: CA 30 Jul 1998, Swain v McCaul and Others: QBD 11 Jul 1996, Sullivan v Co-operative Society Ltd: CA 19 May 1999, Stephenson (SBJ) Ltd v Mandy: CA 21 Jul 1999, Steibelt (Inspector of Taxes) v Paling: CA 19 May 1999, Kenneth Starling v Lloyds TSB Bank plc: CA 10 Nov 1999, Srimanoharan v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 29 Jun 2000, Southwark London Borough Council v B and Others: FD 29 Jul 1998, South Kesteven District Council v Mackie and Others: CA 20 Oct 1999, Smeaton v Butcher and others: CA 31 May 2000, Small v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 11 Apr 1994, Sleeman v Highway Care Ltd: CA 3 Nov 1999, Skipton Building Society v Bratley and another: CA 12 Jan 2000, Sithole and Others v Thor Chemical Holdings Ltd and Another: CA 3 Mar 1999, Short’s Trustee v Keeper of the Registers of Scotland: IHCS 30 Dec 1993, Shepping and another v Osada: CA 23 Mar 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Deverill and another: CA 20 Jan 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Collins and others: CA 13 Jan 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Baker: CA 6 Jul 1998, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Aurum Marketing Ltd and Another: CA 10 Aug 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry and Another v Arum Marketing Ltd and Another: CA 31 Aug 2000, Sea Voyager Maritime Inc and Others v Bielecki trading as Hughes Hooker and Co: ChD 23 Oct 1998, S v S (Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police Intervening): CA 9 Sep 1998, Russell v Coventry and Solihull Waste Disposal Co Ltd: CA 11 Jun 1998, Runnymede Borough Council v Harwood: CA 13 Apr 1994, Rogers v Lambeth London Borough Council: CA 10 Nov 1999, Revenko v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 8 Sep 2000, Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Sheik: CA 22 Dec 2000, Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Yiadom: CA 1 May 1998. Clean hands. The case of Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with … In that regard, see: Shepherd Homes v Sandham - [1971] All E.R. In considering the Genealogy for Eva White (Sandham) (1876 - d.) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. This specification is for 2021 examinations . Shepherd Homes v Sandham (Megarry J ) Definition "Court must feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted." Discretionary based on facts of case. Where balance does not favour either party deciding factor is preservation of status quo ante (Shepherd Homes v Sandham) Equitable defences. Court may order to the property owner tostop development work to his/ her own property due to stability or threating tothe neighbouring land. If it appears that the injunction is likely to cause irremediable prejudice to the defendant, a court may be reluctant to grant it unless satisfied that the chances that it will turn out to have been wrongly granted are low; that is to say, that the court will feel, as Megarry J said in Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340,351, "a … court to grant a mandatory injunction. “In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (1), Meggary J. stated general guidelines for the determination of an application for a mandatory interlocutory injunction. To obtain: Very serious potential or actual damage to claimant. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (No2) [1971] Transmission of Covenants in Equity - Burden - Covenant must be negative. swarb.co.uk is published by David Swarbrick of 10 Halifax Road, Brighouse West Yorkshire HD6 2AG. A mandatory injunction compels performance of an obligation. Only full case reports are accepted in court. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham, Megarry J. spelled out some of the reasons why mandatory injunctions generally carry a higher risk of injustice if granted at the interlocutory stage: they usually go further than the preservation of the status quo by requiring a party to take some new positive step or undo what he has done in the … INJUNCTIONS - View presentation slides online. 9 The claimant had built a large number of houses in Caerphilly, South Wales. IMPORTANT:This site reports and summarizes cases. 11. Weld-Blundell v Pette [1929] r Ch 3J, [1928] AllER Rep 564, CA. Prior to the enactment of s.84(3A), which was inserted and introduced by amendment by the Law of Property Act 1969, the tribunal did not have authority to decide issues as to the enforceability of covenants, and the restrictions imposed by them, upon land, Purkiss Application, Re [1962] 1 W.L.R. Shepherd Homes v Sandham - 'High degree of assurance that at trial it would appear the injunction was rightly granted'. Stack v Church Comrs for England [1952] 1 All ER 1352. An order requiring someone to do something is usually perceived as a more intrusive exercise of the coercive power of the state than an order requiring him temporarily to refrain from action. In addition to all these practical considerations, there is also what might be loosely called a ‘due process’ question. The relevant passage referred to by His Lordship in Shepherd Homes Ltd v. Sandham (supra) is from the judgment of Megarry J which is as follows: In a normal case the court must, inter alia , feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted; and this is a higher standard than is … Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340 This case considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with the housing development company to not erect such a … In a normal case the court must, inter alia, feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted; and this is a higher standard than is required for a prohibitory injunction.’Megarry J. spelled out some of the reasons why mandatory injunctions generally carry a higher risk of injustice if granted at the interlocutory stage: ‘they usually go further than the preservation of the status quo by requiring a party to take some new positive step or undo what he has done in the past; an order requiring a party to take positive steps usually causes more waste of time and money if it turns out to have been wrongly granted than an order which merely causes delay by restraining him from doing something which it appears at the trial he was entitled to do; a mandatory order usually gives a party the whole of the relief which he claims in the writ and make it unlikely that there will be a trial. 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at p.351, per Megarry J. In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 349 , Megarry J. said, "…the case has to be unusually strong and clear before a mandatory injunction will be granted…" Mr. Dennis Xavier, Counsel for the first defendant, contended that the Court has no jurisdiction to grant an interlocutory mandatory injunction on an ex … 2) [1971] 1 WLR 1062, per Megarry J. Last Update: 17 August 2020; Ref: scu.346206 br>. Shepherd Homes v Sandham IPI: status quo ante - can change over time so C should apply for IPI ASAP State of affairs changed to the alleged wrong, so status quo favoured letting the wrong continue and refusing IPI Refusal of interim injunction after delay of a few months: Term. Tel: 0795 457 9992, 01484 380326 or email at david@swarb.co.uk, KH (Reconsideration: Process In Scotland) Iraq: AIT 22 Oct 2008, HX745272002 (Unreported): AIT 17 Sep 2003. o In this case: there was a 'not to build' part; and a 'keep and use the land as an ornamental … ?Mixed covenants: 2 ways to analyse o Split into 2 separate covenants, Shepherd Homes v Sandham (No 2) (1971): split covenants into +ve and -ve. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1970] 3 All ER 402, [1971] Ch 340. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (1970) 3 All ER 402 Stockdale v Shire of Mundaring [2007] WASAT 34 [2010] WASC 127 Document Name: WASC\CIV\2010WASC0127.doc (AH) Page 3 Toll (FGCT) Pty Ltd v Alphafarm Pty Ltd [2004] HCA 52; (2004) 219 CLR 165 Wakeham v Wood (1982) 43 P&CR 40 5 Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (No. This case considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with the housing development company to not erect such a fence. In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 349, Megarry J. said, "…the case has to be unusually strong and clear before a mandatory injunction will be granted…" Mr. Dennis Xavier, Counsel for the first defendant, contended that the Court has no jurisdiction to grant an interlocutory mandatory injunction on an ex … An injunctionis an order by the court to a party to do or refrain from doing a particularact to ensure that justice is done. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1970] 3 AllER 402, [1971] Ch 340. Re Purkiss' Application [1962] 2 All ER 690. And our former Federal Court has accepted that to be the correct position. In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 349, Megarry J. said, "…the case has to be unusually strong and clear before a mandatory injunction will be granted…" Mr. Dennis Xavier, Counsel for the first defendant, contended that the Court has no jurisdiction to grant an interlocutory mandatory injunction on … equity. We do not provide advice. Property Law - Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340. 14. 340, esp. • mandatory interim: Shepherd Homes v Sandham (1971) test. Re University of Westminster, University of Westminster v President of the Lands Tribunal [1998] 3 All ER 1014. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340, Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co (1856) 11 Ex 781; 156 ER 1047. 902 applied, Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham … Student Law Notes is the perfect resource for Law Students on the go! Listen to casenotes from legal cases from your University course from your computer, ipad or phone. Mandatory injunction. The court is therefore more reluctant to make such an order against a party who has not had the protection of a full hearing at trial.’ References: [1971] Ch 340, (1970) 3 All ER 402 Judges: Megarry J Jurisdiction: England and Wales This case is cited by: These lists may be incomplete. Wrotham Park Estate Co v Parkside Homes Ltd [1974] 2 AllER 321, [1974] r WLR 798. Where the two parts of the obligation are capable of standing alone as separate obligations. … Tabor v Brooks (1878) 10 Ch D 273. Final. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham [(1970) 3 All ER 402: (1970) 3 WLR 348] Megarry J. observed: Shepherd Homes v Sandham (No 2) [1971] 2 All ER 1267. INTRODUCTION: The plaintiffs, Diana Mary Scott , Donald Summerskill, Martin Watts, Tracey Ann Andrews, William Char- Before making any decision, you must read the full case report and take professional advice as appropriate. In the usual case these are the considerations that a judge treating with an interim injunction is required to bear in mind. - Interim Mandatory injunction is more difficult to obtain as it forces somebody to do something. Possibnle to sever positive undertaking from negatice, allowing the negative undertaking to pass first hurdle of Tulk v Moxhay. Appeal c This was an appeal by the plaintiffs, William Joseph Shaw and John Shaw, against the … Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham - unexplained delay or few months one reason for refusing interim injunction - with interim injunctions, where without notice applications only granted where case extremely urgent, any delay likely to … People … A comparison between prohibitory and mandatory injunctions, together with interim and final injunctions, was made by Megarry J in Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham, [1970] 3 All ER 402, Megarry J. observed: "(iii) On motion, as contrasted with the trial, the court was far more reluctant to grant a mandatory injunction; in a normal case the court must, inter alia, feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the go to www.studentlawnotes.com to listen to the full audio summary Taylors Fashions Ltd v Liverpool Victoria Trustees Co Ltd [1981] 1 All ER 897, [1982] QB 133. National Commercial Bank Jamaica Ltd v Olint Corp Ltd (Jamaica), Zockoll Group Ltd v Mercury Communications Limited, Teame v Aberash and Others; Regina v Secretary of State for Home Dept ex parte Teame: CA 8 Apr 1994, Teachers Pension Agency v Hill: CA 20 Jul 1998, Tayside Regional Council v British Railways Board: OHCS 30 Dec 1993, Tasci v Pekalp of London Ltd: CA 17 Jan 2001, Tandridge District Council v Verrechia: CA 16 Jun 1999, Tancic v Times Newspapers Ltd: CA 12 Jan 2000, Tadema Holdings Ltd v Ferguson: CA 25 Nov 1999, Society of Lloyd’s v Twinn and another: CA 4 Apr 2000, T v North Yorkshire County Council: CA 23 Sep 1998, Symphony Group Plc v Hodgson: CA 4 May 1993, Swale Storage and Distribution Services Ltd v Sittingbourne Paper Co Ltd: CA 9 Sep 1998, Swale Storage and Distribution Services Ltd v Sittingbourne Paper Co Ltd: CA 30 Jul 1998, Swain v McCaul and Others: QBD 11 Jul 1996, Sullivan v Co-operative Society Ltd: CA 19 May 1999, Stephenson (SBJ) Ltd v Mandy: CA 21 Jul 1999, Steibelt (Inspector of Taxes) v Paling: CA 19 May 1999, Kenneth Starling v Lloyds TSB Bank plc: CA 10 Nov 1999, Srimanoharan v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 29 Jun 2000, Southwark London Borough Council v B and Others: FD 29 Jul 1998, South Kesteven District Council v Mackie and Others: CA 20 Oct 1999, Smeaton v Butcher and others: CA 31 May 2000, Small v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 11 Apr 1994, Sleeman v Highway Care Ltd: CA 3 Nov 1999, Skipton Building Society v Bratley and another: CA 12 Jan 2000, Sithole and Others v Thor Chemical Holdings Ltd and Another: CA 3 Mar 1999, Short’s Trustee v Keeper of the Registers of Scotland: IHCS 30 Dec 1993, Shepping and another v Osada: CA 23 Mar 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Deverill and another: CA 20 Jan 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Collins and others: CA 13 Jan 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Baker: CA 6 Jul 1998, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Aurum Marketing Ltd and Another: CA 10 Aug 2000, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry and Another v Arum Marketing Ltd and Another: CA 31 Aug 2000, Sea Voyager Maritime Inc and Others v Bielecki trading as Hughes Hooker and Co: ChD 23 Oct 1998, S v S (Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police Intervening): CA 9 Sep 1998, Russell v Coventry and Solihull Waste Disposal Co Ltd: CA 11 Jun 1998, Runnymede Borough Council v Harwood: CA 13 Apr 1994, Rogers v Lambeth London Borough Council: CA 10 Nov 1999, Revenko v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 8 Sep 2000, Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Sheik: CA 22 Dec 2000, Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Yiadom: CA 1 May 1998. Clean hands. The case of Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with … In that regard, see: Shepherd Homes v Sandham - [1971] All E.R. In considering the Genealogy for Eva White (Sandham) (1876 - d.) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. This specification is for 2021 examinations . Shepherd Homes v Sandham (Megarry J ) Definition "Court must feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted." Discretionary based on facts of case. Where balance does not favour either party deciding factor is preservation of status quo ante (Shepherd Homes v Sandham) Equitable defences. Court may order to the property owner tostop development work to his/ her own property due to stability or threating tothe neighbouring land. If it appears that the injunction is likely to cause irremediable prejudice to the defendant, a court may be reluctant to grant it unless satisfied that the chances that it will turn out to have been wrongly granted are low; that is to say, that the court will feel, as Megarry J said in Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340,351, "a … court to grant a mandatory injunction. “In Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (1), Meggary J. stated general guidelines for the determination of an application for a mandatory interlocutory injunction. To obtain: Very serious potential or actual damage to claimant. Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham (No2) [1971] Transmission of Covenants in Equity - Burden - Covenant must be negative. swarb.co.uk is published by David Swarbrick of 10 Halifax Road, Brighouse West Yorkshire HD6 2AG. A mandatory injunction compels performance of an obligation. Only full case reports are accepted in court. In Shepherd Homes Ltd. v. Sandham, Megarry J. spelled out some of the reasons why mandatory injunctions generally carry a higher risk of injustice if granted at the interlocutory stage: they usually go further than the preservation of the status quo by requiring a party to take some new positive step or undo what he has done in the … INJUNCTIONS - View presentation slides online. 9 The claimant had built a large number of houses in Caerphilly, South Wales. IMPORTANT:This site reports and summarizes cases. 11. Weld-Blundell v Pette [1929] r Ch 3J, [1928] AllER Rep 564, CA. Prior to the enactment of s.84(3A), which was inserted and introduced by amendment by the Law of Property Act 1969, the tribunal did not have authority to decide issues as to the enforceability of covenants, and the restrictions imposed by them, upon land, Purkiss Application, Re [1962] 1 W.L.R. Shepherd Homes v Sandham - 'High degree of assurance that at trial it would appear the injunction was rightly granted'. Stack v Church Comrs for England [1952] 1 All ER 1352. An order requiring someone to do something is usually perceived as a more intrusive exercise of the coercive power of the state than an order requiring him temporarily to refrain from action. In addition to all these practical considerations, there is also what might be loosely called a ‘due process’ question. The relevant passage referred to by His Lordship in Shepherd Homes Ltd v. Sandham (supra) is from the judgment of Megarry J which is as follows: In a normal case the court must, inter alia , feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted; and this is a higher standard than is … Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] Ch 340 This case considered the issue of injunctions and whether or not the court would grant a mandatory injunction to demolish a fence which was constructed by a resident of a housing estate who had made an agreement with the housing development company to not erect such a … In a normal case the court must, inter alia, feel a high degree of assurance that at the trial it will appear that the injunction was rightly granted; and this is a higher standard than is required for a prohibitory injunction.’Megarry J. spelled out some of the reasons why mandatory injunctions generally carry a higher risk of injustice if granted at the interlocutory stage: ‘they usually go further than the preservation of the status quo by requiring a party to take some new positive step or undo what he has done in the past; an order requiring a party to take positive steps usually causes more waste of time and money if it turns out to have been wrongly granted than an order which merely causes delay by restraining him from doing something which it appears at the trial he was entitled to do; a mandatory order usually gives a party the whole of the relief which he claims in the writ and make it unlikely that there will be a trial. 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