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The Decline of Latin. The Reformation occurred during Renaissance times. Sproul and Stephen J. Nichols, The Reformation: How a Monk and a Mallet Changed the World by Stephen J. Nichols, Treasuring God in our Traditions by Noel Piper, Luther and the Reformation by R.C. Hi, I’m Justina! Merry Christmas! While some secular rulers used the Reformation for their own greed, many more threw in their lot with the Reformers from a deep religious conviction of serving the one true God through Christ. 11. This split caused international wars, internal religious repression and the Catholic Counter-Reformation. The Reformers did not always agree with one another in their doctrine. Learn more about the history, key reformers, educational and missionary endeavors, and legacy of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. Religious, economic and political factors that had been brewing for centuries set the stage for the Reforma-tion. The meaning of much western literature is really quite meaningless apart from an understanding of the Reformation. There was a group within the Roman Church called. The English Reformation began with Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) and continued in stages over the rest of the 16th century CE. Counter-Reformation, the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th–17th century against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal. Mark the Occasion. It was a revival of Biblical and New Testament theology. Jus’ Classical also is an affiliate with Christian Book Distributors and Notgrass History. Not only did this lead to false teaching and abuses in the Catholic Church but also to the hindrance of economic growth and scientific, literary, and artistic development. Especially in countries touched by the Protestant Reformation, this religious revolution yielded the results of changing the course of history and gaining the extraordinary liberties and privileges people enjoy today, whether Christians or not. Prior to the Reformation the Church governed politics; she controlled emperors and kings and governed the law of lands. 7. Pipes and Psalms and Hymns of the Reformation by Douglas Bond, William Tyndale: The Smuggler’s Flame by Lori Rich, The Reformation: A History by Diarmaid MacCulloch, The Unquenchable Flame: Discovering the Heart of the Reformation by Michael Reeves, Why the Reformation Still Matters by Michael Reeves, John Knox and the Reformation by D.M. Moreover, for all practical purposes Martin Luther stabilized the German language. 14. “One result of the Reformation has been the political protection of individuals to believe or worship how they want,” said Gregory. Philipp Melanchthon and Martin Luther believed every child should receive an education and founded and restructured many schools. 6. These things were all part of God's plan to bring about the greatest religious revival since the first three centuries of the Church. Language and culture are intimately connected. 15. (See the Five Solas above.). Famous Men of the Renaissance & Reformation by Rob Shearer – a great starter book for kids! With literacy came a newfound sense of … A core teaching of Reformation theology is that one may have an assurance of salvation because salvation is the result of God's actions alone, and is not dependent on a … Also, knowing that all things are for God’s glory, a door opened for using one’s gifts in all kinds of ways: business and vocational pursuits, economic opportunities, inventions. 4. The Protestant Reformation broke the control the Catholic Church held over kings and rulers. We cannot understand the history of Europe, England or America without studying the Reformation. The Protestant Perspective: Civilization And The Protestant Reformation, by John W. Robbins In the small east German town of Wittenberg, a 34-year-old Augustinian priest walked to Castle Church and nailed 95 theological propositions for debate on the door. In pursuing God’s exaltation, people want to work hard for God’s glory in whatever they do, hence the Protestant work ethic was born. When Martin Luther issued grievances about the Catholic Church in 1521, King Henry VIII took it upon himself to personally repudiate the arguments of the Protestant Reformation leader. Since salvation is by grace through faith (Ephesians 2:8-9), one cannot work for or earn salvation, so it is not necessary or effectual to pray for the dead, to buy indulgences to pay for loved ones to suffer less in Purgatory (which is never mentioned in the Bible), or to go on pilgrimages. While Luther was not the first to protest against the Catholic Church, his bold act opened a floodgate of change to end blind loyalty to the Catholic Church so that Christians may enjoy freedoms that last to this day. POSSIBLY USEFUL. Go to the bottom of any Jus’ Classical website page to check out our Official Jus’ Classical Christmas Countdown! Roman Catholicism is a legal religion, but Protes-tantism is evangelical Christianity. The Reformation was the inevitable result of the Bible being rediscovered, as it was translated from the original languages of Greek and Hebrew into the common languages of Europe. Luther and his followers weren't trying to reshape the world: they were trying to save it. Still, there was more unity among the Reformers than there has been among any Protestants since the Reformation. This was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Protestants were Christians who disagreed with Roman Catholic doctrines and split off to form different churches, according to the History Channel. 3. Catholic AnswerThe Catholic Reformation was a real blossoming of spirituality both in religious orders, saints, and the laity. Because of corruption in the Catholic Church, some people saw that the way it worked needed to change. Only through sheer ignorance of history do many modern scientists believe that Protestantism, the true evangelical faith, opposes true science. : The Story of Martin Luther by Danika Cooley, Fine Print: A Story about Johann Gutenberg by Joann Johansen Burch, John Calvin: After Darkness Light by Catherine MacKenzie, John Knox: The Sharpened Sword by Catherine MacKenzie, The Revolt: A Novel in Wycliffe’s England by Douglas Bond, The Betrayal: A Novel on John Calvin by Douglas Bond, The Thunder: A Novel on John Knox by Douglas Bond, Hammer of the Huguenots by Douglas Bond and Will Kelly, Mr. It weakened the influence of Christendom, which led to individual Christianity, With much of the strength and unity of the Catholic Church broken, the church no longer had the political, cultural and economic clout to hold the ultimate power to influence every sector of society. In order to grasp the radical results of the Protestant Reformation, one must know the history of the Middle Ages. The Protestant Reformation elevated the Bible to its proper place as the highest authority, above the authority of a church or any man, and during the Reformation, the Bible became accessible to all people (with the help of the printing press), not just church leaders. In holding the belief that all should have access to the truths of the Bible, several Reformers wrote catechisms in “question and answer” format to help especially children and the illiterate learn the essentials of the faith and doctrine – Luther wrote one, Calvin wrote one, and eventually the Westminster Confession of Faith and Longer and Shorter Catechisms came out in 1646. What amazing results and a heritage to celebrate! The Protestant Reformation renewed Christians’ vision and passion for evangelism and missions. These disagreements ultimately led to the multitude of Christian denominations that are seen in modern times. 8. (Elders and deacons are elected to represent the church members and thus, the church members do not vote on every issue.). Other suggested ending years relate to the Counter-Reformation or the Peace of Westphalia. Rome herself made some halfhearted attempts to reform at the Councils of Pisa (1409), Constance (1414-1418) and Basel (1431), but these were not successful. Referred to as the Counter-Reformation, those inside the traditional structures of the church responded to the Protestant movement by attempting to reform itself. It should be remembered that the Reformers were all born, baptized, confirmed and educated in the Roman Catholic Church, and most of them had served as priests at her altars with the solemn vow of obedience to the pope on their conscience. You can help support Jus’ Classical at no extra cost to you when you purchase anything through our link to Amazon, Christian Book Distributors or Notgrass History. 11 the results of the reformation 1. Ligonier Ministries has a podcast series called 5 Minutes in Church History, and a series called Luther in Real Time as well as in October 2017, the episodes were about Martin Luther and the other Reformers. Major Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation There were several causes of the Protestant Reformation that effected society, politics, and religion in Europe during the 16th century. The Protestant Reformation terminated the oppressive control of science by the Catholic Church and opened the way for real scientific investigation, which has thrived under Protestantism. Religions like Lutheranism are a direct result of the Refor… Desiring God has a series on important Reformers, Famous Men of the Renaissance & Reformation, Martin Luther: A Man Who Changed the World, Martin Luther – Christian Biographies for Young Readers, John Calvin – Christian Biographies for Young Readers, John Knox – Christian Biographies for Young Readers, Reformation ABCs: The People, Places, and Things of the Reformation―from A to Z, When Lightning Struck! The pope rewarded Henry with the lofty title of Fidei Defensor, or Defender of the Faith. In the 14th century, the various … The Renaissance brought humanism, but the Reformation brought true Christianity. 9. 10. The Protestant Reformation didn't exactly begin with Martin Luther, and it didn't end with him either. Catholicism leads to bondage, but Protestantism to the true gospel and spiritual freedom. If you want to plan a Reformation Day party (October 31) or do a unit study on Reformers, check out our guide here. The movement came to prominence largely through dissatisfaction with the Catholic Church, which was a preeminent authority in Europe in the 1500s when the Reformation began. The Protestant Reformation relocated spiritual and theological authority to Scripture. Also, it was common for a prince and his whole province to turn Protestant. If Protestants were to survive, they had to have political and economic power to hold off Rome. I hope it helps :-) All scientific investigation and endeavor prior to that had been controlled by the church. The Reformation laid down once and for all the right and obligation of the individual conscience, and the right to follow the dictates of that individual conscience. First, here are the disadvantages of the Protestant Reformation: 1. This short 3 minute video covers the key results of the Protestant reformation. The Reformation, at its core, is not a matter of affirming the Five Solas. GET THE REFORMATION DAY ACTIVITIES GUIDE! “For You are great and do wondrous deeds; You alone are God. Like the Declaration of Independence in America’s history, the nailing of the 95 Theses was a key event that led to independence for Christians from the oppressive rule of the Catholic Church. The Protestant Reformation lifted the burden of working for salvation – for one’s self or for dead relatives. Ironically, the most revolutionary contribution of Martin Luther as Augustinian monk was that ordinary Christians are spiritual and religious. The Reformation officially began in 1517 when Martin Luther challenged the Roman Church on the matter of Indulgences. The Reformers, while not free from fault, were men with pure motives and high aims. In 14th century … Jus’ Classical is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. As a result of the Reformation, literacy increased throughout Europe, particularly among the common people. More People Reading the Bible During the Middle Ages, few people other than monks and priests knew how to read and write. This year marks the five-hundredth anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. This was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. It is impossible to understand modern history apart from the Reformation. What the Reformers maintained was in the main truth - God's own truth as revealed in the Scriptures. 1. The Protestant Reformation brought spiritual emancipation to all people to be able to be free from sin and guilt and know true salvation as found in Jesus Christ. For example, in America there would never have been Pilgrim Fathers if there had not first been a Protestant Reformation. Having far-reaching political, economic, and social effects, the Reformation became the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity. A major result of the Reformation was the creation of the Protestant movement. Most of what they wrote is still as relevant today as when it was written, for most of the same issues prevail at this very hour. For example, in America there would never have been Pilgrim Fathers if there had not first been a Protestant Reformation. There were also groups outside the Roman Church, such as the Albigenses and Waldenses. Click the link below to access the quizzes! He has always been overshadowed by Luther. Lloyd Jones and Iain Murray, Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin, Martin Luther’s 95 Theses by Martin Luther, edited by Stephen J. Nichols, Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther by Roland H. Bainton, The Legacy of Luther edited by R.C. In today’s Seven Minute Seminary, Dr. Joseph Wood describes three important results from the Protestant movements that re-centered the church on the gospel: New ways of thinking —the Reformation made Scripture accessible to everyday people. The Reformation has profoundly affected the modern view of politics and law. Catholicism is ruled by the principle of human authority, but Protestantism by the principle of freedom in Christ. New ways of interacting —the Reformation enabled challenges to an unfaithful church. From a Catholic perspective, the Second Vatican Council called for an end to the Counter-Reformation. The Council of Bishops will join in an ecumenical service to observe the Reformation’s 500th anniversary at noon Oct. 25 at the United Methodist Building in Washington.. Emory University’s Candler School of Theology in Atlanta will mark its annual Reformation Day with worship, lectures, a concert and celebration from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. EDT Oct. 26. Ulrich Zwingli was the father of the Reformed Reformation in Switzerland but he is the least well remembered of the first generation reformers. The Catholic Church controlled religious understanding and political institutions through the feudal systems of European countries. Men forget that because the Roman Church controlled everything, it was necessary for the Reformation to include political and economic elements. The Renaissance was also a factor in that it chal-lenged men to use their minds - but the Renaissance was purely secular, not religious. Teach me Your way, O LORD; I will walk in Your truth..."Psalm 86:10-12. 15 World-Changing Results of the Protestant Reformation One of the most important events of history occurred on October 31, 1517 when a priest named Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses (complaints) against the Catholic Church to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany. Real reformation is the work and intervention of God himself in history, in the church, and in the heart of man. Also, visit our Christmas post at this link here. 2. The Reformation was one of the decisive events that made the world we live in, for better or worse. The Reformers would not go so far to say that there were no Christians in the Roman Church, but they distinguished between saved people in the Roman Church and the Roman Church as an unbiblical and corrupt system. Products of the Protestant Reformation, the Pilgrims and Puritans (many of the founding groups of America) were Protestants, and so they established America on Judeo-Christian principles. The Protestant Reformation gave credence to individual conscience and the permission to follow the dictates of individual conscience. In the realm of science, it is generally granted by modern historians that there never would have been modern science were it not for the Reformation. Luther’s audacious act of questioning the Catholic Church opened the way for others to protest against and seek for reform of the Catholic Church, and eventually these Protestant Reformers broke away to form a new type of church. Roman Catholicism was a religion of works, but Protestantism was the true Christian religion based on God's grace appropriated by faith. THE RESULTS OF THE REFORMATION It is impossible to understand modern history apart from the Reformation. The Reformers did not believe that Roman Catholicism and Protestantism were just two different forms of Christianity. They are 1) Sola Gratia (“grace alone”), 2) Sola Fide (“faith alone”), 3) Solus Christus (“Christ alone”), 4) Sola Scriptura (“Scripture alone”), and 5) Soli Deo Gloria (“to the glory of God alone”). The Protestant Reformation is indeed an important era of history where the world as we know it was formed. The Protestant Reformation was a series of events that happened in the 16th century in the Christian Church. Reformation dethrones man, and puts God back in his rightful place of supremacy over all things. NOTE: There can be no fellowship between grace-based salvation and law-based salvation, between faith-based salvation and works-based salvation, just as there can be no fellowship between light and darkness. The Reformers, such as Martin Luther, John Calvin and Philip Melanchthon, articulated ideas that historians have put together into what is now called the Five Solas. Results of reformation. Martin Luther: A Man Who Changed the World by Paul Maier, Martin Luther – Christian Biographies for Young Readers by Simonetta Carr, John Calvin – Christian Biographies for Young Readers by Simonetta Carr, John Knox – Christian Biographies for Young Readers by Simonetta Carr, Reformation ABCs: The People, Places, and Things of the Reformation―from A to Z by Stephen J. Nichols, When Lightning Struck! The Protestant Reformation ended the economic power of Catholic Church, which paved the way for capitalism and money-lending. Having no way to find out the truth themselves, the common people had no choice but to show loyalty and faith in the priests’ teachings if they wanted any hope of eternal salvation. One of the most important events of history occurred on October 31, 1517 when a priest named Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses (complaints) against the Catholic Church to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany. Every vocation is important, not just church jobs. The papacy was corrupt; monasticism and scholastic theology had declined; mysticism was on the upswing; there was a revival of the Greek and Roman classics; men with a spirit of inquiry and independence were discovering the new world; the printing press had been invented, and the Greek New Testament republished. 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