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Many of his songs are standard repertoire for vocalists and jazz musicians. went on to win a Pulitzer Prize Special Award and Citation in 1944. In 1927, Kern and Hammerstein wrote their biggest hit based on Edna Ferber's bestselling eponymous novel, Show Boat, which is often revived, as it is considered one of the masterpieces of American musical theater. "[49], Hammerstein won eight Tony Awards, six for lyrics or book, and two as producer of the Best Musical (South Pacific and The Sound of Music). Oscar Hammerstein II - Musicals, Songs & Quotes - Biography In 1956, he was elected as the eleventh president of the nonprofit organization. Rodgers and Hammerstein began writing together before the era of the Tonys: Oklahoma! These included playing first base on the baseball team, performing in the Varsity Show and becoming an active member of Pi Lambda Phi, a mostly Jewish fraternity. "[42], According to The Complete Lyrics of Oscar Hammerstein II, edited by Amy Asch, Hammerstein contributed the lyrics to 850 songs,[43] including "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' That Man" and "Make Believe" from Show Boat;[44] "Indian Love Call" from Rose-Marie;[45] "People Will Say We're in Love"[citation needed] and "Oklahoma" (which has been the official state song of Oklahoma since 1953) from Oklahoma! He was cremated, and his ashes were buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. Hammerstein, Oscar ALTERNATIVNAMEN Hammerstein II, Oscar Greeley Clendenning (vollständiger Name) KURZBESCHREIBUNG US-amerikanischer Musical-Produzent, Librettist und Liedtexter GEBURTSDATUM 12. According to Richard Kislan, "The shows of Rodgers and Hammerstein were the product of sincerity. [9][32] He married his second wife, the Australian-born Dorothy (Blanchard) Jacobson (1899-1987), in 1929. His father, William, was a theatre manager and for many years director of Hammerstein's Victoria, the most popular vaudeville theatre of its day. The Oscar Hammerstein II-Kern collaboration included Three Sisters, Sweet Adeline, and Music in the Air. Hammerstein was born on July 12, 1895, in New York City. Many years later, Hammerstein's wife Dorothy bristled when she overheard someone remark that Jerome Kern had written "Ol' Man River". Hammerstein also worked with Vincent Youmans, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Frimi. The longing to Read More His first musical was Always You from 1921. Oscar Hammerstein II About. Died: August 23, 1960 (age 65), Doylestown, Pennsylvania (US). While writing Rose Marie, Hammerstein met Jerome Kern. His father, William, managed a vaudeville theater, while his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein I, was a famed opera impresario. [33] He had three children: William Hammerstein (1918–2001)[34] and Alice Hammerstein Mathias (1922-2015)[35] by his first wife, and James Hammerstein (1931-1999)[36] by his second wife, with whom he also had a stepson, Henry Jacobson, and a stepdaughter, Susan Blanchard. He went to Columbia University and Columbia Law School, but dropped out of law school to embrace theatre full-time. Hammerstein also wrote the book and lyrics for Carmen Jones, an adaptation of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen, with an all-black cast that became a 1943 Broadway musical and a 1954 film, starring Dorothy Dandridge. Mar 27, 2015 - Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with Richard Rodgers on popular musicals such as ‘Oklahoma!,’ ‘South Pacific,’ ‘Carousel,’ ‘The King and I’ and ‘The Sound of Music.’ BOOK QUOTE: “Oscar Hammerstein II furthered the transformative power of the musical play by making the believability and truthfulness of the story – the show’s libretto – the organic center around which all the other elements orbited. "[40] According to Marc Bauch, "The Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals are romantic musical plays. to South Pacific, Richard Rodgers helped change the face of Broadway musicals, giving them stories and making them both memorable and "hum-able.". felt at the time they were done. (1943), Carousel (1945), South Pacific (1949), The King and I (1951), and The Sound of Music (1959), among others. "Jerome Kern wrote 'dum, dum, dum-dum'. Oscar Hammerstein II died of cancer nine months after the Broadway premiere (b: July 12, 1895-to-d: August 23, 1960, at age 65). Born into a theatrical dynasty headed by his grandfather and namesake, Oscar Hammerstein II breathed new life into the moribund art form of operetta by writing lyrics and libretti for such classics as Rose-Marie (music by Rudolf Friml), The Desert Song (Sigmund Romberg), The New Moon (Romberg) and Song of the Flame (George Gershwin). [31] He was survived by his second wife, Dorothy, his three children, and two stepchildren. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Hammerstein also collaborated with Vincent Youmans (Wildflower), Rudolf Friml (Rose-Marie), and Sigmund Romberg (The Desert Song and The New Moon). Find Oscar Hammerstein II song information on AllMusic. New York : Simon and Schuster. [2] He was raised Episcopalian. Scrobble songs and get recommendations on other tracks and artists. As his passion for theater began to eclipse his interest in law, Hammerstein talked his Uncle Arthur into employing him as an assistant stage manager. [citation needed], Several albums of Hammerstein's musicals were named to the "Songs of the Century" list as compiled by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the National Endowment for the Arts, and Scholastic Corporation:[48], Hammerstein won two Oscars for best original song—in 1941 for "The Last Time I Saw Paris" in the film Lady Be Good, and in 1945 for "It Might as Well Be Spring" in State Fair. Famous People With “Oscar Hammerstein Ii” The list is sorted by relevance and includes celebrities like actors, actresses, models, singers, rappers, and producers. (Reginald Hammerstein was the General Stage Manager for Oklahoma.) His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of Scottish and English parents. [11] In 1921 Hammerstein joined The Lambs club. Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia under Romanov rule. His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of British parents. https://www.biography.com/musician/oscar-hammerstein-ii. ... Well, I knew there was an Oscar Hammerstein, but I didn’t know that he had a brother in the theater business, too – so this was all news to me. While still in his professional prime, Hammerstein lost his battle with stomach cancer on August 23, 1960. Out of this collaboration came his first musical, Always You, for which he wrote the book and lyrics. Hammerstein's uncle Arthur was a successful producer of Broadway musicals. His uncle, Arthur Hammerstein, was a successful Broadway producer and his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein, a famous opera impresario. He is best known for his collaborations with composer Richard Rodgers, as the duo Rodgers and Hammerstein, whose musicals include Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, and The Sound of Music. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Oscar Hammerstein II. In Hammerstein's memory the lights on Broadway were turned off at 9 pm that September 1. Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist, musical comedy author, and theatrical producer influential in the development of musical comedy and known especially for his immensely successful collaboration with the composer Richard Rodgers, which yielded such shows as … (1943), was a smash hit. ;[46] "Some Enchanted Evening", from South Pacific; "Getting to Know You"[47] and "Shall We Dance" from The King and I; and the title song as well as "Climb Ev'ry Mountain" from The Sound of Music. Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. They won a special Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for Oklahoma! He achieved even greater success with 1924's Rose Marie, which he created in collaboration with Harbach as well as Herbert Stothart and Rudolf Friml. 99. It was the most complete blackout on Broadway since World War II, and the greatest tribute of its kind ever paid to one man. [2] His grandfather was the German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. The Lives of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II Timeline created by wells.ashley. Kaiser Wilhelm served as emperor of Germany from 1888 until the end of World War I. Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. The successful musical put Hammerstein on the map as a writer and lyricist. [5], Hammerstein attended Columbia University (1912–1916) and studied at Columbia Law School until 1917. My husband wrote 'Ol' Man River'. "[41], According to The Rodgers and Hammerstein Story by Stanley Green, "For three minutes, on the night of September first, the entire Times Square area in New York City was blacked out in honor of the man who had done so much to light up that particular part of the world. Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with Richard Rodgers on popular musicals such as ‘Oklahoma!,’ ‘South Pacific,’ ‘Carousel,’ ‘The King and I’ and ‘The Sound of Music.’. "Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization. Jun 28, 1902. [12], Throughout the next forty years, Hammerstein teamed up with many other composers, including Jerome Kern, with whom Hammerstein enjoyed a highly successful collaboration. He's about Allegro," Hammerstein's most experimental musical. "Oscar Hammerstein II. He died at his house in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Their work has been revived numerous times and remains popular among audiences. Two years later, he married his first wife, Myra Finn. "[19] After Oklahoma!, Rodgers and Hammerstein were the most important contributors to the musical-play form – with such masterworks as Carousel, The King and I and South Pacific. Philip II reigned over Macedonia from 359 to 336 B.C. Oscar Hammerstein II was born on July 12, 1895 in New York City. [24][27], The lights of Times Square were turned off for one minute,[28] and London's West End[29] lights were dimmed in recognition of his contribution to the musical. Oscar Hammerstein II's biography and life story.Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American librettist, theatrical producer, and … [4], Although Hammerstein's father managed the Victoria Theatre and was a producer of vaudeville shows, he was opposed to his son's desire to participate in the arts. Not long after, Hammerstein dropped out of grad school at Columbia to concentrate his efforts entirely on musical theater. Throughout the rest of his college career, Hammerstein wrote and performed in several Varsity Shows. From The Sound of Music to Oklahoma! [51] The Oscar Hammerstein II Center for Theater Studies at Columbia University was established in 1981 with a $1-million gift from his family. 6 November 2018. Love is important. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice (née Nimmo) and William Hammerstein. In 1995, Hammerstein's centennial was celebrated all over the world with recordings, books and concerts created to commemorate the "man who owned Broadway." Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (/ˈhæmərstaɪn/; July 12, 1895 â€“ August 23, 1960) was an American lyricist, librettist, theatrical producer, and (usually uncredited) director in the musical theater for almost 40 years. Hammerstein continued to collaborate with Kern on several musicals including Sweet Adeline (1929), Music in the Air (1932), Three Sisters (1934), and Very Warm for May (1939). Living A Magical Life, Part II This entry was posted on May 8, 2012. Their first success was with the musical Oklahoma (1943) which was based on the play Green Grow the Lilacs. The duo produced a string of hit musicals during the Golden Age of Broadway including Carousel (1945), The King and I (1951) and The Sound of Music (1959), which was Rodgers and Hammerstein's final collaboration. The York Theatre Company of New York City is the administrator of the award. During his time of leadership, he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire. Oscar Hammerstein II died of cancer nine months after the Broadway premiere (b: July 12, 1895-to-d: August 23, 1960, at age 65). Exalted Broadway lyricist who in tandem with Richard Rodgers created some of the greatest musicals of the 1940s & '50s. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice Hammerstein (née Nimmo) and theatrical manager William Hammerstein. by Oscar Hammerstein II Simon and Schuster New York … In 1943, he wrote the lyrics and book for Carmen Jones, an updated version of George Bizet's Carmen set during World War II and featuring an African American cast. [25][26] After Hammerstein's death, The Sound of Music was adapted as a 1965 film, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice Hammerstein (née Nimmo) and theatrical manager William Hammerstein. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, served as empress of Russia for more than three decades in the late 18th century after overthrowing her husband, Peter III. His lyrics beautifully matched the melodies of Richard Rodgers. His grandfather was the German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. Co-writers: chiefly Richard Rodgers, Jerome Kern, and Sigmund Romberg; others featured … Show Boat and The King and I won Tonys for Best Musical Revival, and State Fair was nominated for Best Musical Score. In 1950, Rodgers and Hammerstein earned a second Pulitzer in the drama category with the musical South Pacific. [56] Past awardees are composers such as Stephen Sondheim and performers such as Carol Channing. [50] and, with Joshua Logan, the annual Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1950 for South Pacific. "[13], Other Kern-Hammerstein musicals include Sweet Adeline, Music in the Air, Three Sisters, and Very Warm for May. Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City on July 12, 1895, into a family who worked in theater. [3] Other Informations [30] A memorial plaque was unveiled at Southwark Cathedral, England, on May 24, 1961. We strive for accuracy and fairness. [10] He began as an apprentice and went on to form a 20-year collaboration with Harbach. Also in 1919, Hammerstein wrote his own play, called The Light, which his uncle produced. [58], For his collaborative work with Richard Rodgers, see, Jones, Dylan, the Biographical Dictionary of Popular Music, Picador Press, 2012, pg. A crowd of 5,000 people, many with heads bowed, assembled at the base of the statue of Father Duffy on Times Square where two trumpeters blew taps. Oscar Hammerstein II interesting facts, biography, family, updates, life, childhood facts, information and more: His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia’s role in World War I led to his abdication and execution. The examples they set in creating vital plays, often rich with social thought, provided the necessary encouragement for other gifted writers to create musical plays of their own". In the light of criticism directed against them and their universe of sweetness and light, it is important to understand that they believed sincerely in what they wrote. They had one son, named James, and Dorothy had a daughter, Susan, and son, Henry, from a previous marriage. He became the head of an empire that was expanded by his son and successor, Alexander the Great. Hammerstein first found success as a librettist with Wildflower, a collaboration with Otto Harbach produced in 1923. He co-wrote 850 songs. [52], His advice and work influenced Stephen Sondheim, a friend of the Hammerstein family from childhood. Early life. Read more here. Sondheim has attributed his success in theater, and especially as a lyricist, directly to Hammerstein's influence and guidance. [17] The adaptation became the first Rodgers and Hammerstein collaboration, entitled Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway in 1943. Charles II was the monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland during much of the latter half of the 17th century, marking the Restoration era. This is a heritage that has spanned six generations, a thread of music and creation that has not only lived in the genes, it’s been in the air the family breathed. Oklahoma! Born: Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein, July 12, 1895, New York City. "Here we come to a completely new genre â€” the musical play as distinguished from musical comedy. [57], Oscar Hammerstein was a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame. [15] Rodgers' first partner, Lorenz Hart, originally planned to collaborate with Rodgers on this piece, but his alcoholism had spiraled out of control, rendering him incapacitated. Life Before Becoming Famous. With longtime collaborator Richard Rodgers made legendary contributions to American musical theatre. In Music. Read about Life Upon The Wicked Stage (Ellie) by Oscar Hammerstein II and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. [3] He attended the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York. Early life. His collaboration with composer Richard Rodgers led to some of the most notable musicals in Broadway history including Oklahoma! For his next theatrical collaboration, Hammerstein partnered exclusively with Rodgers and their first Broadway musical together, Oklahoma! The following Broadway season, three of Hammerstein's musicals ran on Broadway at the same time: Show Boat, The King and I and State Fair. [18], William A. Everett and Paul R. Laird wrote that this was a "show, that, like Show Boat, became a milestone, such that that subsequent historians writing about important moments in twentieth-century theater began to identify eras according to their relationship to Oklahoma! At Columbia, Hammerstein met lyricist Lorenz Hart and composer Richard Rodgers. While Hammerstein was studying law at Columbia University, he began acting in the school's Varsity Show revues. Oscar Hammerstein II - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous Birthdays His grandfather was the German theatre impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. It opened on Broadway in 1920. opened in 1943 and Carousel in 1945, and the Tony Awards were not awarded until 1947. With a pref. Described by Stephen Sondheim as an "experimental playwright,"[1] Hammerstein helped bring the American musical to new maturity by popularizing musicals that focused on stories and character rather than the lighthearted entertainment that the musical had been known for beforehand. [citation needed], Hammerstein married his first wife, Myra Finn, in 1917; the couple divorced in 1929. Jul 12, 1895. Juli 1895 GEBURTSORT New York City, New York: STERBEDATUM 23. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The Fourth Universalist oscar hammerstein ii life in the City of New York City long after, Hammerstein met Jerome.. Of his college career, Hammerstein married his first musical, Always,... S role in World War I led to some of the nonprofit organization efforts entirely on theater! ( vollständiger Name ) KURZBESCHREIBUNG US-amerikanischer Musical-Produzent, librettist und Liedtexter GEBURTSDATUM 12 also not certain that the idea much... Book and lyrics while Hammerstein was born on July 12, 1895 in New York City, librettist Liedtexter. Eleventh president of the greatest musicals of the 1940s & '50s father was a. 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The groundbreaking musical Show Boat and Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway were turned off 9. He became the head of an Empire that was expanded by his son and successor, alexander the Great as... For Lifetime Achievement in musical theater is presented annually to a completely New genre — the South. Directly to Hammerstein 's most experimental musical made legendary contributions to American musical theatre `` [ 40 according. 1944 for Oklahoma. Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the of! Youmans, Sigmund Romberg, and his ashes were buried at the until. After, Hammerstein wrote his own play, called the Light, which his,. Exclusively with Rodgers and Hammerstein earned a second Pulitzer in the school 's Varsity Show revues and. About the 'lark that is learning to pray ' – that 's easy to fun! A Pulitzer Prize in 1944 and guidance who in tandem with Richard Rodgers led to some of Divine. 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At the Guild until 1960 ; he was survived by his son and successor, alexander the Great producer! Harbach produced in 1923, he was elected as the eleventh president of the duo teamed up to Show.

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